IEC AGAINST CORRUPTION
Corruption in educational organizations is today an acute problem for the education system of the Republic of Kazakhstan. And one of the priority tasks of building a democratic society today is the fight against corruption.
Corruption is not the acceptance of property benefits and advantages personally or through intermediaries by persons performing state functions, as well as by persons equated to them, using their official powers and related opportunities, or other use of their powers to obtain property benefits, as well as the bribery of these persons by the unlawful provision by them of individuals and legal entities of the specified benefits and advantages. Corruption offenses (corruption offenses) are acts that involve corruption or create conditions for corruption that entail administrative and criminal liability established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The relevance of the fight against corruption lies in the fact that it should be comprehensive. A consolidated effort is required not only of the state, but of the entire civil society in all regions of the country. The result will be when the fight against corruption, firstly, becomes a constant and unremitting function of the state, and secondly - the subject of vigilant and vigilant control by society.
The most characteristic types of crimes related to corruption in education are the following:
1) receiving a bribe for admission to a higher educational institution. This is the most common form of abuse. According to some estimates, 80% of crimes are covered for receiving a bribe for entering a higher educational institution;
2) tutoring by university teachers and members of examination commissions;
3) receiving a bribe for passing exams and tests in institutions of secondary and higher professional education;
4) receiving a bribe for concluding a lease of premises in an educational institution and abuse of power by illegally leasing state property;
5) sale of diplomas and certificates to persons who have not undergone training at an educational institution;
6) receiving a bribe for placing children in kindergartens and secondary schools.
The “black” turnovers in higher education in our country amount to about $ 1 billion a year. According to UNESCO, for example, in Russia this amount is $520 million per year, which is also a lot. It must be admitted that not all people pay bribes, about 5-7% of families. The vast majority of students go to universities without entering into corruption.
The IEC is actively pursuing a policy of eradicating corruption in its ranks. The process of training and assessment of knowledge is divided. All procedures for working with applicants and students are transparent and have several levels of control. An Anti-Corruption Council has been created, which includes student leaders. The teacher’s code of honor and the student’s code of ethics apply.
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